Sunday, January 6, 2013

Good Terms: Pt. 2

I have been reacquainted with Nutrition and it gave me a huge wake-up call. Unfortunately, I did not pass this test but the good news is that I actually passed a whole class dedicated to Food Science and Nutrition at a Four- year university. Receiving a less than desirable grade in  Chapter nine of Milady not dedicated to my career choice is not the end of the world. Also, I turned in my extra-credit before my classmates did which puts me ahead in a way. The Nutrition is not the main focus of Esthetics, although it is important to overall skincare and is something that I can consult about if push comes to shove.

Reunited and it feels so good......

1. Adenosine triphosphate- ATP; the substance that provides energy to cells and converts oxygen to carbon dioxide, a waste product we breathe out.

2. amino acid- Organic acids that form the building blocks of protein.

3. arteriosclerosis- Clogging and hardening of the arteries.

4. B vitamins- These water- soluble vitamins interact with other water-souluble vitamins and act as coenzymes (catalysts) by facilitatitng enzymatic reacctions. B vitamins include niacin, riboflavin, thiamin, pyridoxine, folacin, biotin, cobalamine, and pantothenic acid.

5. calories- A measure of heat units; measures food energy for the body.

6. carbohydrates- Compounds that break down the basic chemical sugars and supply energy for the body.

7. cholesterol- A waxy substance found in your body that is needed to produce hormones, vitamin D, and bile; also important for protecting nerves and for the structure of cells.

8. complementary foods- Combinations of two incomplete foods; complementary proteins eaten together provide all the essential amino acids and make a complete protein.

9. disaccharides- Sugars made up of two simple sugars such as lactose and sucrose.

10. enzymes- Catalysts that break down complex food molecules to utilize extracted energy.

11. fats- Also, known as lipids; macro-nutrients used to produce energy in the body; the materials in the sebaceous glands that lubricate the skin.

12. fortified- A vitamin has been added to a food product.

13. glycosaminoglycans- A water- binding substance between the fibers of the dermis.

14. hypoglycemia- A condition in which blood glucose or blood sugar drops too low; caused by either too much insulin or low food intake.

15. linoleic acid- Omega-6, an essential fatty acid used to make important hormones; also part of the skin's lipid barrier.

16. macronutrients- Nutrients that make up the largest part of the nutrition we take in; the three basic food groups; protein, carbohydrates, and fats.

17. micronutrients- Vitamins and substances that have no calories of nutritional value, yet are essential for body functions.

18. minerals- Inorganic materials required for many reactions of the cells and body.

19. monosaccharides- Carbohydrates made up of one basic sugar unit.

20. mucopolysaccharides- Carbohydrate- lipid complexes that are also good water-binders.

21. nonessential amino acids- Amino acids that can be synthesized by the body and do not have to be obtained from the diet.

22. Omega- 3 fatty acids- Alpha-linoleic acid; a type of "good" polyunsaturated fat that may decrease cardiovascular diseases. It is also an anti-inflammatory and beneficial for skin.

23. osteoporosis- A thinning of bones, leaving them fragile and prone to fractures; caused by the reabsorption of calcium into the blood.

24. polysaccharides- Carbohydrates that contain three or more simple carbohydrate molecules.

25. proteins- Chains of amino acid molecules used in all cell functions and body growth.

26. retinoic acid- Also known as Retin- A; vitamin A derivative that has demonstrated an ability to alter collagen synthesis and is used to treat acne and visible signs of aging; side effects are irritation, photo-sensitivity, skin dryness, redness, and peeling.

27. tretinoin- Transretinoic acid, a derivative of Vitamin A used for collagen synthesis, hyperpigmentation and for acne.

28. vitamin A- Also known as retinol; an antioxidant that aids in the functioning and repair of skin cells.

29. vitamin C- Also known as ascorbic acid; needed for proper repair of the skin and tissues, promotes the production of collagen in the skin's dermal tissues; aids in and promotes the skin's healing process.

30. vitamin D- Fat- soluble vitamin sometimes called the sunshine vitamin because the skin synthesizes vitamin D from cholesterol when exposed to sunlight. Essential for growth and development.

31. vitamin E- Also known as tocopherol; primarily an antioxidant; helps protect the skin from the harmful effects of the sun rays.

32. vitamin K- Vitamin responsible for the synthesis of factors necessary for blood coagulation.

No comments:

Post a Comment